Hai Duong Overview
Hai Duong is on the Red River Delta. It borders with Bac Ninh, Bac Giang provinces on the north, Hai Phong, Quang Ninh provinces on the east, Hung Yen province on the west, Thai Binh on the south. The network of rivers includes Thai Binh, Rang, Kinh Thay, and Dao rivers’ giving good conditions for agriculture and water transportation.
The natural land area of the province is about 1,652km2. The topography is gradually low down from the Northwest to the South - East. Hai Duong province comprises of two main regions: the mountainous area (the highland) and the flat area. The mountainous area, which accounts for about 11% of the total natural land area of the province and mainly covers the two districts of Chi Linh and Kinh Mon, is suitable for the construction of the industrial and tourist establishments, planting the fruit trees, the timber trees and a variety of industrial trees. The plain area, which accounts for 89% of total natural land area, at the average of 3-4 meter high above the sea level, even and flat terrain, fertile soil is suitable to plant the food trees, the foodstuff trees and the industrial trees in short term.
Hai Duong lies in the tropical monsoon climate with typical cold winter, potential heat and high humidity. The average temperature is 23.4oC.Two types of wind mainly come from the South East and the North East. The climate is divided into four distinct seasons. From early February to early April, the spray and rain after a period of transition from dry season to rainy season. Rainy season lasts from April to October.
Long-standing history bequeaths hundreds of cultural, historical relics. They are Phuong Hoang, Kinh Chu An Phu sites, Con Son, Thanh Mai, Hun pagodas, Nguyen Trai, Cao, Kiep Bac temples, Gieng Ngoc (Pearl Well), Thach Ban (Flagstone), of which Con Son – Kiep Bac are most popular ones. The province is proud of traditional handicraft villages like Chu Dau Pottery, Chau Khe Gold, Dong Dao Carving, Ke Sat Dry Pancake and Hai Duong Green Bean Cake. Folk songs like ca tru, cheo, xam are commonly here. In addition of these, tourists also take interest in Chi Lang Nam Stork Village, home of thousands of white, black, fiery stocks, herons and egrets. Several festivals are taken place in Hai Duong such as Con Son Festival – the spring festival ( 18th – 22nd day of the 1st lunar month) is honoured Huyen Quang (Ly Dao Tai), one of the three founders of Truc Lam Buddhist sect and the autumn festival ( 16th – 20th day of the 8th lunar month) is honored Nguyen Trai, a great 15th century Vietnamese scholar also involved in military and politics; Kiep Bac Festival ( 18th – 20th day of the 8th lunar month) is the anniversary of the death of Tran Hung Dao, a distinguished general of the Tran Dynasty.
Hai Duong is 58km from Hanoi, 45km from Haiphong, and 80km from Halong Bay. The network of road, railway and river-way transportation is convenient. The province lies on railway and National Highway No.5 (Hanoi - Hai Duong - Haiphong), on National Highway No.18 (Bac Ninh - Hai Duong - Quang Ninh).