Tuyen Quang Overview
Tuyen Quang is a province of Vietnam, located in the northeastern part of the country to the northwest of Hanoi, at the centre of Lo River valley, a tributary of the Red River. The delta formation in the province is called the Tonkin Delta. Tuyen Quang borders Ha Giang to the north, Cao Bang to the northeast, Bac Kan and Thai Nguyen to the east, Vinh Phuc to the south, Phu Tho to the southwest, and Yen Bai to the west.
The province has widely varying topography covering high mountains deep valleys; the dominant elevation of the province is in the range 200–600 meters (660–2,000 ft). The province is in the foothills of the Northern Highlands, which forms a broad crescent around the Tonkin Delta; its southern part has narrow river basins and mountain ranges (elevation below 300 meters (980 ft)) and the northern part, particularly in Chiem Hoa and Na Hang districts the slopes are steep with hills taller than 1,400 meters (4,600 ft). The Tam Dao range is located in this province. In the southern part of the province, about 100 kilometers (62 mi) away from Hanoi as the crow flies, is the provincial capital, also bearing the name of the capital city of the province, Tuyen Quang has an elevation below 100 meters (330 ft) located on the right bank of the Lo River, a tributary of the Red River which rises at Ha Giang, near the Chinese border. Its major tributary is the Gam River on its left bank. The province has a land area 5,900km2 (2,300 sq mi). The province's territory has only 7.2% of natural forest comprising both rain forest and monsoon forest.
The tropical climatic seasons are the monsoon and dry season. The temperate to subtropical, tropical climate facilitates growth of natural flora and a diversified plant mechanism. The northern region of the province experiences a long winter with low temperatures. However, the region gets more rain during summer. The southern region has a diversified climate with a short winter and hot summer followed by a monsoonal season. Frequently, the strong intensity rainstorms result in floods, which occasionally cause damage to people and property. The average temperature in the province is 22.4 °C.
Tuyen Quang owns 300 historical cultural vestiges. The famous one is Tan Trao Historical Site. It was used as a resistance base before the August 1945 Revolution. The main places of interest include Tan Trao Communal House, Hong Thai Communal House and small jungle hut where President Ho Chi Minh lived from June to August 1945. Historical places in the province include the Cave Pagoda at Yen Son; the Dat Nong Tien and the Thuong Temple in Tuyen Quang. The natural beauty of the province is provided by the mountain ranges with peaks exceeding 2,000 metres (6,600 ft), and the My Lan Spring. There are 26 registered historical monuments, eight cultural centres and 42 communal cultural houses in the province. The province also has Na Hang Primitive Forest. It is home of valuable fauna and flora such as dinh, mun (ebony trees), sen (bassia), ape, panther, flying weasel, antelope, and upturned-nosed monkey. The sounds of the waterfall, birds and gibbons, and silver light going through the thick layers in Thac Mo (Mo Waterfall) provide enjoyable feeling for visitors.
The province is on National Highway No.2 (Hanoi- Viet Tri- Tuyen Quang- Ha Giang). Tuyen Quang City is 165km from Hanoi.